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Rights of Employees

 

Employee´s rights are regulated by Act No. 311/2001 Coll. Labour Code, as amended. Pursuant to the Labour Code, the employees have the following rights: 

 

 

 
 

Natural persons shall have the right to work and to the free choice of employment, to fair and satisfying working conditions and to the protection against arbitrary dismissal from employment in accordance with the principle of equal treatment, stipulated for the area of labour-law relations under a special act on equal treatment in certain areas and on the protection against discrimination and on amending of certain acts (the Antidiscrimination Act).

These rights belong to them without any restriction and discrimination on the grounds of sex, marital status and family status, sexual orientation, race, colour of skin, language, age, unfavourable health state or health disability, genetic traits, belief and religion, political or other conviction, trade union activity, national or social origin, national or ethnic group affiliation, property, lineage, or other status, with the exception of a case where different treatment is justified by the nature of the activities to be performed in employment, or by the circumstances under which these activities are to be performed, if this reason consists in the actual and decisive requirement for the job, provided the objective is legitimate and the requirement adequate.  

 

The enforcement of rights and obligations resulting from labour-law relations must be in compliance with good morals; nobody may abuse these rights and obligations to the damage of another participant to the labour-law relations, or their fellowemployees. 


Employees shall have the right to wages for performed work, to the securing of occupational health and safety, to rest and recovery after work. Employers shall be obliged to provide employees with wages and to create working conditions allowing employees the best performance of work according to their skills and knowledge, the advancement of creative initiative and deepening of qualifications. 

 

Employees or the representatives of employees shall have the right to the provision of information on the economic and financial situation of the employer and on the assumptions of the development of its activity, and this in an understandable manner and within a suitable time. Employees shall be able to express themselves and submit their suggestions with regard to such projected decisions of the employer, which may influence their status within the labour-law relations. 

 

Women and men shall have the right to equal treatment with regard to access to employment, remuneration and promotion, vocational training, and also with regard to working conditions. 

 

Employees and employers shall have the right to collective bargaining; in the case of conflict in their interests, employees shall have the right to strike, and employers shall have the right to lockout. 

 

Employers may collect personal data on employees only where these relate to the qualifications and professional experience of employees and data that may be significant for the work that employees are expected to carry out, carry out, or have carried out. 

 

Employees and employers who sustain damage due to breach of obligations arising from labour-law relations may exercise their rights in court. Employers may neither disadvantage nor damage employees for reason of employees exercising their rights resulting from labour-law relations.

 

For further information contact JUDr. Zuzana JUHANIAKOVÁ, Attorney-at-Law - juhaniakova@legaladvisory.sk or 00 421 908 814 874.